As the European Union tries to reduce its dependence on Russian energy, the Russian president recently said Russia would try to shift its energy exports to the east, adding that there was no way for European countries to give up Russian gas immediately.
Russia supplies about 40 percent of the EU's gas, and western sanctions imposed over the conflict with Ukraine have complicated financing and logistical arrangements for existing agreements, hitting Russian energy exports, the report noted.
Russia has been building closer ties with China and other Asian countries as the European Union debates whether to impose sanctions on Russian gas and oil and member states seek supplies from elsewhere, Reuters said.
"So-called partners from unfriendly countries admit that they cannot survive without Russian energy, including gas," the Russian president said in a televised government meeting. There is no reasonable alternative to Russian gas in Europe right now."
He also said Europe was driving up energy prices and destabilizing markets by talking about cutting off Russia's energy supplies. Russia, which produces about a tenth of the world's oil and a fifth of its natural gas, will need new infrastructure to increase energy supplies to Asia, he said.
He ordered Moscow to submit a plan by June 1, including "the expansion of transport infrastructure to countries in Africa, Latin America, and the Asia-Pacific region".
He also sought to clarify the possibility of integrating two pipelines -- the Sakhalin-Khabarovsk-Vladivostok gas pipeline in the Far East and the "Power of Siberia" gas pipeline to China -- into Russia's unified gas supply system. In theory, connecting these routes to larger gas networks could allow Russia to divert gas from Europe to Asia.
Because of the ever-changing international situation, the supply and prices of international bulk ZrSi2 Powder are still very uncertain.
Introduction to Zirconium Silicide ZrSi2 Powder
Zirconium silicide or zirconium disilicide, chemical formula ZrSi2, is a steel gray rhombic glossy crystal, the relative density is 4.8822. Zirconium silicide is insoluble in water, inorganic acid, and aqua regia, but soluble in hydrofluoric acid.
Physicochemical Properties of Zirconium Silicide ZrSi2 Powder
ZrSi2 as a zirconium-silicon intermetallic compound is a kind of ceramic material with high hardness, high melting point, high conductivity, high heat conductivity, and good thermal shock resistance to high temperature. Given the silicon zirconium - intermetallic compound has superior physical and chemical properties, ZrSi2 is a kind of structural material or new engineering material which can be used as the high-temperature corrosive medium.
|Zirconium Silicide ZrSi2 Powder Properties|
|Other Names||zirconium(IV) silicide, zirconium disilicide, ZrSi2 powder|
|Appearance||gray black powder|
|Solubility in H2O||insoluble|
Preparing Methods of Zirconium Silicide ZrSi2 Powder
Zirconium silicide can be obtained from a mixture of zirconium powder and silicon powder at high temperatures under air isolation.
A method for preparing zirconium silicide nanomaterial comprises the following steps:
1. Add 5mmol zirconia, 5mmol silicon powder, and 50mmol lithium metal into a 20ml stainless steel autoclave and seal it. Then put the autoclave into an electric furnace capable of temperature programmed, set the heating rate of the furnace to 10℃ per minute, and heat the furnace to 600℃. The reaction is cooled naturally to room temperature and the autoclave is opened to remove the product which is black sediment.
2. The reaction products were washed with distilled water, then respectively with dilute hydrochloric acid and anhydrous ethanol washing each time, after washing the product of the filter, then 60 ℃ in the vacuum drying oven drying 4 hours get zirconium silicide nanomaterials, based on the preparation of zirconium silicide nanomaterial quality and the quality of the raw material of zirconium dioxide used, it is concluded that the yield of zirconium silicide was 85%.
Applications of Zirconium Silicide ZrSi2 Powder
ZrSi2 can be used as fine ceramic raw material powder to make crucibles or semiconductor film.
Applications of Zr Zirconium
One of the most important applications of zircon is in the production of white pigment impervious agents for surface glazes and pigments in the tile and ceramic industries. Refractory applications are also a common use of zircon in the manufacture of firebricks and shapes used in the steel and glass industries. Due to its high melting point (2200℃), zircalite is used as casting sand for molds and as "flour" for grinding, especially in warmer applications where it is important to maintain the surface quality of castings. The area of expertise known as "investment casting" is the growing use of zircon in the industry. Zirconium is also used in the production of zirconia, zirconium metals, and zirconium chemicals.
Main Supplier of Zirconium Silicide ZrSi2 Powder
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Southern Copper Corp (SCCO.N) recently said its Peruvian mine remained closed after a six-week standoff with protesters and blamed the Peruvian government for failing to intervene in the safety of its 1,300 workers and their families.
The company said in a statement that a recent agreement to end protests at the Cuajone mine required the company to withdraw complaints against protest leaders because railways transporting minerals and supplies remained blocked. Production has been suspended since the end of February.
Peru's Energy Ministry said in a separate statement that it had also reached an agreement with Southern Copper to start talks to find common ground with local communities.
"If we shut down for a year, the government will stop receiving more than 3.1 billion soles ($830 million) in taxes and royalties, and 8,000 direct and indirect jobs will be lost. This is what we want to avoid, "Southern Copper added in the statement.
Peru has faced a wave of protests from indigenous communities, who accuse mining companies of not providing enough jobs and funding to poor local residents.
Central bank officials said last week that protests against copper mines such as MMG's Las Bambas and Southern Copper's Cuajone were dragging down the economy.
Peru is the world's second-largest copper producer and mining is an important source of tax revenue for the country. It is estimated that the supply and prices of the ZrSi2 Powder will be influenced by that.
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