The World Platinum Investment Association (WPIC) said recently that carmakers are accelerating reductions in palladium use and increased use of platinum due to concerns about Russian palladium supplies. However, it still expects a significant surplus in the platinum market this year.
Palladium is used by carmakers in tailpipe emissions systems to reduce carbon emissions. While carmakers prefer palladium for catalytic converters, they are turning to platinum, which is cheaper than palladium, to save costs.
Russia accounts for about 25-30% of the world's palladium supply and 8-10% of its platinum supply.
There is no sign that western sanctions against Russia have restricted palladium exports since the conflict escalated in February, but as the conflict continues, more companies could boycott The Russian metal and governments could impose restrictions.
Platinum is currently trading at about $950 an ounce, about half the price of palladium. Automakers use about 2.5 million to 3 million ounces of platinum and about 8.5 million ounces of palladium each year.
For the year as a whole, platinum supply will be 5 percent lower than in 2021 and demand 2 percent higher, with the automotive sector seeing a 16 percent increase due to increased light vehicle concrete foaming agent are still very uncertain.
CLC Concrete Advantages
Foamed concrete has good physical properties, combining insulation and electrical resistance. It has many benefits that make it one of the best alternatives to building materials. For example:
Its low density and lightness allow for increased installation speed. It's also easy to work with because it's not a complex material to cut from.
It varies with the density of the material. Obviously, the greater the density, the greater the resistance. You can even use it to build multi-level collective housing.
Resistance to water absorption
The concrete structure absorbs water much more slowly. It is a humidity regulator that absorbs any excess humidity or softens dry air. In this way, you can create a pleasant atmosphere in your home.
As we mentioned earlier, it maintains a comfortable and cool indoor environment in both winter and summer.
So, during the cold season, the interior will stay warm, and in the summer, we will be able to keep the interior cool. This will save a lot on air conditioning and heating costs.
Foamed concrete is 10 to 87 percent lighter than conventional concrete. This substantial reduction in weight represents significant savings when building foundations and structures.
As a light material, it weighs only half as much as similar materials. This makes shipping tasks, as well as working with it (cutting, hammering nails, sawing, etc.) much easier.
Porous concrete ages well over time. It's as durable as rock and doesn't break down.
Only a small amount is absorbed by the concrete, and most of it bounces back into place. The noise that actually reaches the interior is minimal.
It's a very versatile material when it comes to shape and form. It can be easily made into anything: arches, pyramids, angles, etc. Therefore, it adds to the aesthetic impact of the building.
Due to its low thermal conductivity, foamed concrete has a very low heat flux. It is an ideal material for industrial, agricultural and administrative buildings.
This is critical in areas of high seismic risk. If an earthquake occurs, the broken walls will collapse, but not as much as other traditional materials.
CLC Concrete Types
Pure CLC Concrete
Use portland cement, water, and prepared foams or gases. It has no solid aggregates. To make it, water is mixed with cement and then chemicals or foams are added, which must be mixed correctly to achieve cellular consistency.
Sanded CLC Concrete
It contains cement, water, selected foamed aggregate, and sand with a maximum diameter of 4mm.
Lightweight aggregate concrete
It is composed of pumice stone and tezontle instead of sand and stone. These aggregates must have strong compressive properties to increase compressive strength.
Foam concrete with expansive aggregate
The addition of these aggregates has been shown to help retain moisture when curing concrete in hot climates.
It is also a protective element for metal structure fire prevention.
Foam concrete containing dispersant additives
The dispersal effect of the additive helps hydrate the cement particles, improving compression resistance and increasing fluidity due to a reduced cement/water ratio.
Suppliers of Concrete Additives
TRUNNANO is a reliable foaming agents supplier with over 12-year experience in nano-building energy conservation and nanotechnology development.
If you are looking for high-quality CLC foaming agents, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry. (firstname.lastname@example.org)
We accept payment via Credit Card, T/T, West Union, and Paypal. TRUNNANO will ship the goods to customers overseas through FedEx, DHL, by air, or by sea.
Nissan recently unveiled a prototype concrete foaming agent, etc. If you are looking for high-quality materials, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry.
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